At the same time, Trump has spoken fondly of Chinese President Xi Jinping, calling him “my good friend” and trying to work with him on North Korea.
Whether this translates into the Chinese respect for the U.S. is up for debate.
“They are very weary about him and they realize they’ve got a significant problem. Is that respect? I don’t know,” according to Kerry Brown, professor of Chinese studies at King’s College, London.
“They are shocked and surprised by what Trump has been doing because they assumed he would never be as truculent and tough as he has been,” Brown added. “They’ve found it difficult to work out what this administration is up to. They’ve found it a bit confusing.”
In this month’s Pew study, only 31 percent of people across 25 countries said that the U.S. plays a more important role internationally than it did 10 years ago. Compare that with 70 percent who said the same for China.
As Trump focuses on domestic issues with his “America First” policies, Beijing has stepped up massive infrastructure projects around the world and appears to be moving into a closer relationship with Russia.
In Europe, Trump has shaken up the postwar international order by suggesting he would be reluctant to defend his NATO allies unless they spend more on defense. He has also appeared to cozy up to Russian President Vladimir Putin while excoriating longtime U.S. allies like German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
However, often lost among this hubbub is the fact that many experts and officials concede that, while the way he goes about it may be unconventional, the president does arguably have a point: For too long, America’s wealthy European allies, namely Germany, have not paid their way in NATO, enjoying the protection of the U.S. while failing to meet defense spending commitments themselves.
“Trump has voiced things that previous American presidents have probably thought but not considered it appropriate to act on,” John Lough, who served as NATO’s information representative in Moscow during the 1990s, told NBC News last month.
Other presidents, including Trump’s predecessor Barack Obama, have certainly called on the Europeans to spend more on defense. What has caused alarm in European capitals is Trump’s suggestion that protection might be conditional on this demand — undermining the central pillar of the alliance.
Lough, who is now an associate fellow at London’s Chatham House think tank, says Trump has sewn unrest and confusion in Europe because he is “capable of speaking out of both sides of his mouth and saying completely contradictory things.”
Strip all of that away, however, and he says there may be more than a grain of validity in Trump’s argument.
“Burden-sharing has been an issue for decades,” Lough said. “What many senior American officials have said for a long time is that the Europeans cannot be free-riders.”
There’s evidence that this tough talk has earned a sort of begrudging respect in France, as the Washington Post points out.
Among the French, Trump’s popularity is among the lowest in Europe. But ask them whether they think the U.S. is as powerful a world leader as it was 10 years ago, and more say yes now than they did at the end of Obama’s presidency.
In Russia, for all Trump’s personal overtures toward Putin, the U.S. under his administration has taken a tougher stance than most people realize.
It has sold anti-tank missiles to Ukraine forces who are fighting Kremlin-backed rebels, expelled 60 diplomats over the poisoning of an ex-spy on U.K. soil, and slapped sanctions on dozens of individuals and entities.
This may explain why confidence in Trump there has plummeted 34 points from a high of 53 percent last year, according to Pew.
A notable exception to Trump’s global popularity abyss is Israel, likely thanks to a string of pro-Israel policies including moving the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem and cutting Palestinian aid.
The inverse of this sentiment was evident following Haley’s resignation in a tweet from Abdul El-Sayed, who recently failed in his bid to become America’s first Muslim governor in Michigan.
Another policy popular in Israel was Trump’s withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal. Experts said Tehran had kept its main promises under the agreement and the other signatories, Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia, have pledged to try to keep alive.
Reacting to Haley’s resignation, Gholamali Khoshroo, Iran’s envoy to the U.N., said that America’s international isolationism had increased during the ambassador’s tenure, state media IRNA reported.
According to the IRNA, Khoshroo said Haley was “one of the anti-Iranian figures of the United States government [who] has always taken strong stance against Iran.”